D3a - Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Alimentari e Ambientali - Guida degli insegnamenti (Syllabus)
Basic knowledge of general mathematics, physics, chemistry and pedology.
The didactic method is based on ppt lectures (4 ECTS) (provided in copies to the students) and classroom, laboratory and field experiences and guided tours in pilot areas (2 ECTS). The course will be also available through an e-learning version using the Moodle platform. Within this platform, the course will be divided into: (a) teaching materials composed by different learning units; (b) additional research and study material; (c) test exercises and examples; (d) field trip information and reservations and practice experiences information.
Knowledge. The course enables students to acquire the fundamental knowledge about hydrology and hydrogeology, as well as on more detailed knowledge on hydrogeological risk evaluation in a watershed.
Applying knowledge and understanding. The main aim of this course is to provide a fully development ability of the students in recognizing the most important hydrogeological units, in evaluating the water balance in basic conditions, in being acquainted with aquifers and aquicludes features and with groundwater flow properties.
Cross-expertise. (i) capability of identify the main hydrogeological and hydrological problems in an area ; (ii) capability of clearly and exhaustively communicate notions, ideas, problems and technical solutions to interlocutors, either professional or not, working in the hydrogeological risk analysis.
1. Course presentation. Hydraulics and HYDROLOGY: basic principles, river flow measurements with artificial tracers and current meter, stage-discharge relationship, infiltration tests (1 ECTS).
2. WATERSHED: definition, summary of lithology, water balance (particularly referred to infiltration and soil and water cycle), natural hazards, erosion and sedimentation processes, hydraulic works, exercise on topographic and geological maps at a basin scale (2 ECTS).
3. GEOMORPHOLOGY. Fluvial terraces, main geomorphological units in Italy, land degradation, landslides (classification and stabilization works), fluvial erosion and watercourse management works (1 ECTS).
4. HYDROGEOLOGY: groundwater and surface flow, definition of aquifer and aquiclude; aquifer characteristics and parameters; chemical, geological and physical classification of springs; piezometric line (definition and drawing); recharge area evaluation of aquifers; tracer tests in hydrogeology; isotope hydrology and hydrogeology; the Umbria-Marche meso-cenozoic sequence (2 ECTS).
Learning evaluation methods
Written assessment and oral discussion. The written assessment will be composed of multiple choice and/or short answer questions and of hydrology and hydrogeology exercises. The oral discussion will have 2 to 4 questions.
Learning evaluation criteria
During the written assessment the student will have to prove: a) knowledge of the main points of lithology; b) knowledge of the geomorphological structures and processes; c) problem solving ability of applied hydrology and hydrogeology. To pass the written assessment the student will have to set up the exercises and give the correct solution and to know the theoretical topics. In the oral classwork, the student will have to demonstrate: (a) knowledge of the applied aspects of hydrology; (b) knowledge of the morphological and watershed basic aspects; (c) knowledge of hydrogeological processes and fundamental parameters. To pass the oral exam, the student must demonstrate an overall understanding of the subjects using appropriate technical terminology, and to be able to deal with deductive reasoning that enable him to create links within matter, and to have a complete mastery of the subject.
Learning measurement criteria
The final mark is attributed in thirtieths. Successful completion of the examination will lead to grades ranging from 18 to 30 “cum laude”.
Final mark allocation criteria
The written assessment will be composed of a theoretical part (total mark in the range 0 – 12) and a practical part (total mark in the range 0 – 18). The minimum grade to pass the written test is 18/30. The oral examination will be organized on the basis of the written test grade: i) range 18/30 – 23/30: one question per subject (Hydrology total mark in the range 0-6, Watershed 0-8, Geomorphology 0-6, Hydrogeology 0-10); ii) range 24/30 – 27/30: one question on Geomorphology (0-12), Hydrogeology (0-18); iii) grade higher than 28/30: one question on Hydrogeology (0-30). The final grade will mainly depend on the oral discussion grade (variable weight over 60%). The degree of 30 “cum laude” is attributed when the student demonstrates complete mastery of the subject.
Ferro V., Elementi di idraulica e idrologia per le scienze agrarie, ambientali e forestali. McGraw-Hill
Sanna S., Sistemazioni idraulico-forestali nella difesa del suolo, Dario Flaccovio Editore, 2007.
Ferro V., La sistemazione dei bacini idrografici, McGraw-Hill, 2nda edizione.
Celico P. Elementi di idrogeologia per lauree in scienze geologiche, scienze della natura, scienze ambientali e ingegneria ambientale. Liguori ed.
Every day (please email before)
Tuesday from 11.30 am to 1 pm.