D3a - Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Alimentari e Ambientali - Guida degli insegnamenti (Syllabus)
Students who intend to take the examination of Crop science must be clear about the concepts given in the course of Agronomy.
For the discussion of the items are provided both theoretical lessons the contents of which will be systematically provided to students in pdf format (4.5 ECTS) and practical exercises carried out in the classroom or in the form of technical excursions in public or private facilities (1.5 ECTS).
The course enables students to acquire basic knowledge of the agronomic and environmental factors that affect the productivity of herbaceous cropping systems widespread in the hill of Marche Region.
Applying knowledge and understanding:
The course has as main educational objective the development of the student's ability to identify the main problems that affect the productivity of herbaceous cropping systems and hypothesize alternative technical pathways for the optimization of production yields, the environmental impact and cost reduction.
a) making judgment: capability of identify the information needed to manage the main herbaceous cultivation common in the hill of Marche region; (b) communications: capability of clearly and exhaustively communicate notions, ideas, problems and technical solutions to interlocutors, either professional or not, representative of the various and specific skills involved in the management of herbaceous cropping systems (agricultural producers, engineers, architects, administrators, etc. ).
• Notes on Soil Tillage: objectives, classification, tools, factors conditioning the choices with outbuildings possible advantages and disadvantages, conventional agriculture vs conservative agriculture (1 ECTS).
•Herbaceous cropping systems and crop rotation: definitions, purposes, types and agro-environmental effects of crop rotations compared to no-rotation based cropping systems, factors determining of the rotation choices, catch crops, intercropping crops and related agronomic, environmental and business advantages or disadvantages (0.5 ECTS)
• crop planting technique: factors conditioning the density choices, distribution pitch, depth and implant technique in relation to the production aims (0.5 ECTS).
• Seed production: seed agricultural value and evaluation of the factors that influence the agronomic and commercial quality; production and technology, seed certification and legislation (1 ECTS).
• weed control: definitions, general knowledge of weeds and classification, direct and indirect damage associated, preventive containment methods and direct control methods (through physical, chemical, mechanical and biological interventions), chemical control (herbicides classification, selectivity, resistance), direct intervention times and factors determining the choice (1 ECTS).
• Herbaceous crops: classification, general aspects and distribution at the local and global level (0.5 ECTS).
• Morphology and cultivation technique examples for herbaceous plants characterized by autumn-spring cycle (durum wheat and other cereals) and in spring-summer cycle (corn) (1 ECTS).
• Forage crops: classification, agronomic management method; Alfalfa: characteristics, environmental needs, adversity, cultivation technique and use (0.5 ECTS)
Learning evaluation methods
Oral discussion on the subjects listed in the teaching program.
Learning evaluation criteria
The student, during the oral test, will have to demonstrate: (i) knowledge of the main agronomic and environmental issues that affect the management of herbaceous cropping systems; (ii) knowledge of farming techniques given for the main field crops covered in the course.
To pass the oral exam, the student must demonstrate an overall understanding of the content using appropriate technical terminology, and to be able to deal with deductive reasoning that enable him to create links within matter, and to have a complete mastery of the subject.
Learning measurement criteria
The final mark is attributed in thirtieths. Successful completion of the examination will lead to grades ranging from 18 to 30 “cum laude”.
Final mark allocation criteria
The oral examination consists of three/four questions concerning the subjects listed in the teaching program, each of ones will be quantified in the range 0 - 10. The degree of 30 “cum laude” is attributed when the student demonstrates complete mastery of the subject.
F. Bonciarelli, 1999. Agronomia. Edagricole scolastico, Bologna.
L. Giardini, 2002. Agronomia generale ambientale e aziendale. Pàtron Editore, Bologna.
R. Landi, 1999. Agronomia e ambiente. Edagricole, Bologna.
F. Bonciarelli, 1998. Coltivazioni erbacee da pieno campo. Ed agricole scolastico, Bologna.
R. Baldoni, L. Giardini, 2000. Coltivazioni erbacee: Cereali e proteaginose. Pàtron Editore, Bologna.
M. HANF, 1990. Le infestanti d’Europa, le loro plantule, i loro semi. Edizioni Edagricole
Monday and Wednesday from 8 am to 9 am