D3a - Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Alimentari e Ambientali - Guida degli insegnamenti (Syllabus)
Knowledge of mathematic, physic, chemistry, soil chemistry and plant physiology are required.
The didactic method is based on ppt lectures (4 ECTS) (provided in copies to the students) and laboratory experiences and guided field trips (2 ECTS).
Knowledge. The course deals with the basic knowledge of pedogenic processes occurring in soils. so as to preserve them and improve environmental conditions.
Applying knowledge and understanding. The main aim of this course is to provide a fully development ability of the students in soil descriptions and management.
Cross-expertise: making judgements: capability of identify the information needed to manage soil, capability of clearly and exhaustively communicate notions, ideas, problems and technical solutions to interlocutors, either professional or not, representative of the various and specific competencies like planner, administrator.
Principal concepts of geomorphology and petrography- soil definition, FAO resolution about soil preservation, concept of pedosphere, history of soil science, Jenny equation, soil morphology (profile and horizons O,E,A,B,C,R) (1 ECTS).
Main horizon characteristics: color, texture, structure, consistence, presence of roots, mottling, concretions, clay skins, silt caps, slickensides (1 ECTS).
Pedogenic factors: rocks: major cycle of rocks and petrography; climate; topography; plants and microbial population; time: modern and ancient soils; biota: vegetation, micro animals; anthropic factor (1 ECTS).
Soil composition: organic matter; minerals classification; organic matter: genesis and evolution of humic substances; soil formation; enrichment of organic matter; weathering of rocks and minerals; rhizosphere (1 ECTS).
Soil evaluation; principal agrarian soil horizons description: anthropic, ochric, argillic, calcic, petrocalcic, natric; water in soil (1 ECTS).
Genesis of saline soils, anthropic soils, pastures, terraced soils, urban soils, mine soils, dump soil heavy metal soil pollution; soil erosion; Entisols, Inceptisols, Vertisols, Andosols (1 ECTS).
Learning evaluation methods
Oral discussion on three of the subjects listed in the teaching program.
Learning evaluation criteria
In the oral classwork, the student will have to demonstrate knowledge of all the program. To pass the oral exam, the student must demonstrate an overall understanding of the content using appropriate technical terminology, and to be able to deal with deductive reasoning that enable him to create links within matter, and to have a complete mastery of the subject.
Learning measurement criteria
The final mark is attributed in thirtieths. Successful completion of the examination will lead to grades ranging from 18 to 30 “cum laude”.
Final mark allocation criteria
The oral examination consists of three questions concerning the subjects listed in the teaching program, each of ones will be quantified in the range 0 - 10. The degree of 30 “cum laude” is attributed when the student demonstrates complete mastery of the subject.
1) M. PANIZZA (1992). Geomorfologia. Pitagora Editrice Bologna.
2) A. GIORDANO (1999). Pedologia. UTET.
3) C. CIAVATTA e G. VIANELLO (1989). Bilancio idrico dei suoli: applicazioni tassonomiche, climatiche e cartografiche. Editrice CLUEB Bologna.
4) P. VIOLANTE (1998). Chimica del suolo e nutrizione delle piante. Edizioni Calderini, Edagricole
5) BRADY N.C., WEIL R.R., 2002. The Nature and Properties of Soil. Macmillan Publishing Company Incorporated, 2008. ISBN-13: 978-0132279383, ISBN-10: 013227938X
6) Soil Survey Staff. 2015. Illustrated guide to soil taxonomy, version 2.0. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Soil Survey Center, Lincoln, Nebraska.
7) Appunti delle lezioni.
Wednesday 3 pm to 5 pm.