D3a - Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Alimentari e Ambientali - Guida degli insegnamenti (Syllabus)


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Seat Agraria
A.A. A.A. 2016-2017
Credits 6
Hours 54
Period 2^ semestre
Language ENG
U-gov code SFA 3A495


Basic knowledge in Plant Biology and Systematic Botany

Development of the course

The didactic method is based on ppt lectures (4 ECTS) (provided in copies to the students) and field excursions  (2 ECTS).

Learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding.

The course enables students to acquire and organize knowledge on integrated analyses of plant biodiversity, at species, community and landscape scale.


Applying knowledge and understanding.

The course develops skills to apply methods of floristic and vegetation analysis , useful for identifying  ecological bio-indicators useful to assess the relationship between environmental factors and plant cover (at the species, community and plant landscape level); these analyses are basic tools for monitoring, biodiversity conservation and management in applied sciences.



The ability to draw an integrated environmental assessment will facilitate the communication with specialists from different disciplines, fundamental for multipurpose environmental studies.



Introduction. The levels of organization of the vegetation cover: species, communities and plant landscape. Ecosystem and plant community. Ecological factors and ecological value. Ecological limiting factors. Plants as bio-indicators. Ecological abiotic and relations with the distribution and adaptation of species and plant communities. Geological-geomorphological, edaphic and climate ecological factors. The bioclimatic classification. The ecological biotic and coexistence between species. Intra- and interspecific competition. Habitat and ecological niche. (2 ECTS)

The study of the flora: floristic analysis. Richness and floristic diversity. Biological forms. The distribution areal and chorological types. The floristic monitoring (1 ECTS).

The study of vegetation. Analysis of plant communities: concepts and methods. The physiognomic- structural method and the floristic-ecological (or phytosociological) method. Plants formation and plant associations. Classification of vegetation. The syntaxonomy. The habitats of Community interest. The main forest formations in the Mediterranean, subMediterranean and  Apennine areas. Vegetation dynamics: actual potential vegetation and dynamic succession. Primary and secondary grasslands. The role of the ecotone vegetation. The plant landascape: series and geoseries. Geobotany and Landscape Ecology. Sustainable management and biodiversity conservation. (3 ECTS)

Development of the examination

Learning evaluation methods

Oral examination


Learning evaluation criteria

Knowledge on the subjects listed in the teaching program, clear and correct exposition of the content with an adequate technical and scientific language, ability to achieve appropriate connections within matter and to have a complete mastery of the subject.



Learning measurement criteria

The final vote is attributed in thirtieths.


Final mark allocation criteria

The oral examination consists of three questions concerning the subjects listed in the teaching program, each of ones will be quantified in the range 0 - 10. The degree of 30 “cum laude” is attributed when the student demonstrates complete mastery of the subject.


Recommended reading


Biondi E., Ecologia. In: Enciclopedia delle Scienze, De Agostini, Novara

Pedrotti F. & Venanzoni R., Geobotanica, in Enciclopedia delle Scienze. De Agostini, Novara.

Biondi E. et al., 2010. Le serie di vegetazione della Regione Marche. In “La vegetazione d’Italia” C. Blasi ed., Palombi Editori

Pignatti S., Ecologia vegetale. Zanichelli, Bologna.

Pignatti S., Ecologia del paesaggio. Zanichelli, Bologna


Tutorial session


Wednesday from 3 pm to 5 pm.


  • C.L.T. - Scienze Forestali ed Ambientali (SFA)

Università Politecnica delle Marche
P.zza Roma 22, 60121 Ancona
Tel (+39) 071.220.1, Fax (+39) 071.220.2324
P.I. 00382520427